Resources & Reports

Resource Hub

Monitor Reports, New NYPD Policies and Training, and Links to Agencies and Community Partners

The Monitor, in collaboration with the NYPD and counsel for the stop and frisk lawsuit plaintiffs, is responsible for developing reforms to the NYPD’s stop and frisk practices. The Monitor regularly conducts compliance and progress reviews to assess the extent to which the NYPD has implemented and complied with the reforms required by the court, and publicly files reports with the court detailing those findings. On this page, you can find these Monitor reports as well as new policies and training that the NYPD has implemented to achieve required reforms. Links to related City and Federal agencies and to the parties to the stop and frisk lawsuits are also included below.

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Monitor Reports

The Monitor regularly reports to the court regarding the NYPD’s progress or lack of process in achieving compliance with the court’s orders. In addition to general compliance reports, the Monitor also has issued special reports describing the Monitor Team’s analyses and findings related to particular subjects of interest. You can read the Monitor’s reports below.   

Latest Report

Previous Reports

Community Liaison Submission – Framework and Position Description (Aug. 25, 2022)
Monitor’s Sixteenth Report – General Compliance Report (May 6, 2022)
Monitor’s Fifteenth Report – Analysis of New York City Police Department (NYPD) Trespass Enforcement Activity in and Around New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) Buildings (Dec. 14, 2021)
Monitor’s Fourteenth Report – NYPD Social Distancing Enforcement, 2020 (Oct. 12, 2021)
Monitor’s Thirteenth Report – Racial Disparities in NYPD Stop, Question, and Frisk Practices: An Analysis of 2013 to 2019 Stop Reports (Sep. 1, 2021)
Monitor’s Twelfth Report – The Deployment of Body-Worn Cameras on New York City Police Department (NYPD) Officers (Nov. 30, 2020)
Monitor’s Eleventh Report – General Compliance Report (Oct. 28, 2020)
Monitor’s Tenth Report – General Compliance Report (Jan. 7, 2020)
Monitor’s Ninth Report – General Compliance Report (Jan. 11, 2019)
Monitor’s Eighth Report – Evaluation of NYPD Body-Worn Camera Implementation in NYCHA Housing Developments (Jul. 27, 2018)
Monitor’s Seventh Report – General Compliance Report (Dec. 13, 2017)
Monitor’s Sixth Report – The NYPD’s Body-Worn Camera Pilot: Research and Evaluation Plan (Jun. 29, 2017)
Monitor’s Fifth Report – Analysis of NYPD Stops Reported, 2013-2015 (May 30, 2017)
Monitor’s Fourth Report – General Compliance Report (Nov. 18, 2016)
Monitor’s Third Report – Interim Briefing on Body-Worn Camera Pilot Program (Aug. 9, 2016)
Monitor’s Second Report – General Compliance Report (Feb. 16, 2016)
Monitor’s First Report – General Compliance Report (Jul. 9, 2015)

Training

The court required the NYPD to revise its stop and frisk training in order to adhere to constitutional standards and New York State law. Required topics include: when a stop, frisk, or search may be conducted; trespass enforcement and interior patrols; proper documentation of stops; and supervisors’ responsibility for reviewing officers’ stops, frisks, and searches. The Court also required the NYPD to revise its training regarding the illegality of racial profiling. Members of racially defined groups may not be targeted for stops simply because members of that racial group appear more frequently in local crime suspect data. Race may be considered only when the stop is based on a specific and reliable suspect description. Training was required for both officers and supervisors, as well as for recruits in the Police Academy. New training was also required for (1) recruits and for members of the NYPD’s Housing Bureau regarding trespass enforcement and patrols in NYCHA housing developments; (2) plainclothes officers; and (3) Field Training Officers. Refresher training was also required, which the NYPD is currently developing.

Stop & Frisk

Policies

The court required the NYPD to revise a number of its policies and procedures. The written policies and procedures regarding stops, questions, frisks and searches needed to be revised to more clearly state the legal standards required by the constitution and state law. The policies now state what constitutes a stop and when a stop, frisk, or search may be conducted. The new policies prohibiting racial profiling and bias-based policing include a definition of racial profiling and states that race, ethnicity, or national origin may be considered by officers in taking police enforcement action only when it is part of a specific and reliable suspect description. The NYPD has also revised its policies and procedures regarding: (1) the interior patrol of NYCHA properties; (2) the use of body-worn cameras (BWC); (3) a new performance evaluation system for officers and detectives; (4) auditing; and (5) processing and investigating racial profiling complaints.  

Court Opinions and Orders

On August 12, 2013, the court issued its liability opinion in the Floyd case finding that the NYPD’s policies and practices regarding stops, frisks, and searches were unconstitutional. On the same day, the court issued its remedial order, setting forth the reforms that the NYPD was required to implement. Those documents can be found here. Also included are the settlement agreements and the court’s orders in the Ligon and Davis cases, relating to NYPD patrols in private multifamily buildings and in NYCHA housing developments, respectively. In addition, subsequent orders of the court are included regarding: (1) NYPD’s performance evaluation system for police officers and detectives; (2) NYPD’s Early Intervention Program; and (3) NYPD’s BWC policies and the Monitor’s studies of police practices using BWC videos.      

Body-Worn Cameras

The court’s remedial order noted the potential benefits of outfitting NYPD officers with body-worn cameras (BWCs). These potential benefits include creating objective records of stop encounters, encouraging lawful and respectful police-civilian interactions since both parties know exchanges are recorded, alleviating mistrust between the NYPD and the public, and helping NYPD officers who are wrongly accused of misconduct. The court required a one-year pilot study to assess the effects of BWCs. In 2017, the Monitor worked with the NYPD to launch a randomized control trial to evaluate the impact cameras have on the behavior of officers and civilians. Approximately 1,300 police officers working the evening shifts in 20 precincts across the city were outfitted with cameras, and their activities were compared to the activities of officers not wearing cameras in 20 matched precincts over the span of one year. The Monitor’s reports on this study are included below.  

Currently, all police officers, detectives, sergeants, and lieutenants regularly assigned to perform patrol duties throughout New York City are equipped with BWCs. The NYPD BWC program is the largest in the United States with over 24,000 members of the Department equipped with cameras.