Official Website of the Independent Monitor of the New York City Police Department

Appointed by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York to ensure that the NYPD’s policing practices related to stops, frisks, and searches comply with the law.

Our Mission & Focus

The Monitor Team works to ensure that the NYPD engages in constitutional stops, frisks, and searches.

The Monitor Team’s focus is on the NYPD’s stop-and-frisk practices, as well as its trespass enforcement. The Monitor Team regularly assesses the NYPD’s compliance and publicly files reports with the court detailing their findings.

Know Your Rights

When you are stopped, frisked, and/or searched by a New York City police officer, you have certain rights. 

Who We Are

Latest Report

On April 11, 2024, the Monitor filed its Twentieth Report, regarding racial disparities in NYPD stop, question, and frisk practices, with the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. Highlights include the following:

  • Racial disparities in outcomes for Black and Hispanic individuals following stops decreased between 2013 and 2022. But frisk and search rates continue to show disparities, and a significant number of stops are undocumented.
  • Racial disparities in stop rates are driven by a small number of areas with higher rates of reported crime. In those areas, Black and Hispanic persons are stopped at a much higher rate than individuals of other races, and at a rate higher than increased crime rates would predict.
  • From 2013 to 2022, the reported number of Black and Hispanic persons stopped by the NYPD decreased by 90 percent, but the relative percentage of these individuals in stops remained largely the same.
  • The number of stops of white, Asian and other individuals was substantially lower than those of Black and Hispanic individuals in the same time period. By 2022, the frisk rates for Black and Hispanic individuals were no longer statistically significant after adjusting for stop context.
  • In 2022, the NYPD disproportionately searched Hispanic individuals once stopped, but not Black individuals, as compared to white and other individuals.
  • There were no disproportionate arrest, summons, or use of force rates for individuals across racial categories in 2021 and 2022.
  • Over 31% of stops continue to be underreported, limiting analysis of racial disparities and compliance. Documentation is crucial for determining compliance.