Official Website of the Independent Monitor of the New York City Police Department

Appointed by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York to ensure that the NYPD’s policing practices related to stops, frisks, and searches comply with the law.

Our Mission & Focus

The Monitor Team works to ensure that the NYPD engages in constitutional stops, frisks, and searches.

The Monitor Team’s focus is on the NYPD’s stop-and-frisk practices, as well as its trespass enforcement. The Monitor Team regularly assesses the NYPD’s compliance and publicly files reports with the court detailing their findings.

Know Your Rights

When you are stopped, frisked, and/or searched by a New York City police officer, you have certain rights. 

Latest Report

On October 17, 2022, the Monitor Team filed the Seventeenth Report of the Independent Monitor with the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. This Report evaluates the NYPD’s use of body-worn cameras (BWCs) on its Housing Bureau officers working in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) buildings.

  • Housing Bureau officers’ use of BWCs was associated with statistically significant improvements in the civility of officers’ interactions with civilians, including a 43% reduction in civilian complaints and a 16% reduction in arrests that reported the use of force.
  • Housing Bureau officers’ use of BWCs was also associated with large increases in the number of stop reports filed. The increase in the number of stop reports prepared appears to be the result of increased documentation of stops rather than an increase in the number of stops.
  • The analysis in the Report comparing random samples of stop reports before and after BWC deployment found that, after BWC use, stop reports were more likely to involve Black people. The analysis also found that, after BWC use, stop reports were more likely to involve violent crimes or other crimes, rather than drug and disorder offenses.
  • The analysis found that stops made after Housing Bureau officers wore BWCs were less likely to involve the search of the person stopped, less likely to involve an arrest or summons issued as a result of the stop, and less likely to involve searches ultimately judged as lawful when audited by the Monitor Team. This last result appears to be driven by increased reporting of stops by Housing Bureau officers wearing BWCs, thus capturing more stops with questionable constitutionality.
  • The deployment of BWCs on Housing Bureau officers not only increases their compliance with NYPD directives to document all stops, but it also provides the Department with an important opportunity to intervene and monitor their progress toward ensuring constitutional policing.

Featured Story

Real-Time Audits of Recently-Announced Neighborhood Safety Teams

This year, Mayor Adams announced the creation of Neighborhood Safety Teams (NSTs) within the NYPD. The NYPD assigned over 200 members of service to the NSTs and deployed them in 34 commands with high volumes of shootings and other violent crime. The Monitor Team has begun real-time audits of the NSTs. More specifically, the Monitor Team is reviewing BWC videos and stop reports of NST members to assess the lawfulness of their encounters with civilians.